Can epilepsy drugs cause seizures?
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An incorrect choice of drugs in the treatment of an epileptic syndrome or seizure type may provoke seizures (as for example the provocation of absences due to carbamazepine or phenytoin). The possible seizure-inducing effect of AEDs has to be differentiated from seizure occurrence due to the natural course of epilepsy.
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Carabamazepine, in particular, has been reported to precipitate or exacerbate a variety of seizures, most notably absence, atonic, or myoclonic seizures in patients with generalized epilepsies characterized by bursts of diffuse and bilaterally synchronous spike-and-wave EEG activity.
A few medicines that you can get without a prescription (called over-the-counter or OTC medicines) can potentially increase seizures in people with epilepsy. They could even trigger a seizure for the first time. The most common OTC medicine that could do this is probably diphenhydramine, the active ingredient in medicines like Benadryl, which is ...
These drugs do not directly affect the likelihood of seizures in people with epilepsy. People who use these drugs often forget to take their prescribed seizure medicines, however. Taking large amounts of narcotics can cause serious lack of oxygen to the brain, which can lead to seizures.
The term epilepsy refers to a family of different recurrent seizure disorders causing discharge of cerebral neurons that is sudden, excessive, and synchronous, resulting in short-lasting abnormal movements or perceptions. 3 Any central nervous system (CNS) disorder that causes a predisposition to recurrent seizures may be labeled epilepsy. 4 It is possible, however, to experience a seizure as a single event without having epilepsy. 5 Nonepileptic seizures are provoked by a stressor or an ...
Having a seizure as a result of taking drugs does not automatically mean having epilepsy, however, prolonged drug use can cause epilepsy. If you have epilepsy, you need to know many of the drugs are stimulants and can lower your seizure threshold. This has the potential to trigger a seizure. If you take more than one type of drug or take it with alcohol you will further increase your risk of seizures. Taking drugs can also lead to disturbed or lack of sleep, dehydration, missing meals or ...
How Drugs Cause Seizures. Alcohol, opiates, benzos, cocaine and amphetamines are just the most common substances that can cause seizures in their users. Seizures, epileptic or otherwise, are caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Brain function operates via electrical impulses that send signals to different parts of the body.
Drugs and epilepsy Recreational drugs can trigger seizures or increase the frequency of seizures for some people, and can also interact with medication. Taking recreational drugs increases the risk of seizures and of mental and physical health problems, which in turn make seizures more likely.
A person is said to be epileptic when they have two or more seizures that were not caused by some known medical condition, like low blood sugar or alcohol withdrawal. According to Epilepsy Action, stress, lack of sleep, missing meals, alcohol, and recreational drugs make seizures more likely.
Heroin as well as related narcotic-drugs are not capable of initiating seizures in people suffering from epilepsy. However, it is possible for them and even healthy individuals to develop seizures in case of taking huge amounts of narcotics because they cause severe oxygen deprivation to the brain, a known and powerful trigger of seizures.